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  • 1.
    Akner Koler, Cheryl
    University College of Arts, Crafts and Design, The Department of Design, Crafts and Art (DKK), Industrial design. Chalmers, Sweden.
    Form & Formlessness: Questioning aesthetic abstractions through art projects, cross-disciplinary studies and product design education.2007Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This research is based on empirical, embodied studies aimed to generate and regenerate aesthetic reasoning through three approaches:

    • an educational approach concerned with developing an aesthetic discipline, supporting a formgiving process aimed to create tangible artifacts.
    • an art-based approach supporting an open exploration of distortion and formlessness
    • a multi-disciplinary exploratory approach concerned with aesthetic experiences shared in laborations demonstrating complexity and transformation.

     

    The overall aim of the thesis is to explore different types of aesthetic abstractions that elaborate aesthetic reasoning about form and formlessness. The thesis develops methods and models for aesthetic investigation that support, challenge and go beyond the normative conceptions of beauty, with high relevance for teaching 3-D formgiving aesthetics and research by design methodologies. A central method applied throughout the entire research project is a cooperative inquiry method engaging students and experienced professionals as co-researchers in embodied/ interactive physical form studies and laborations.

     

    The content of the thesis is presented in three parts relating to the approaches above:

     -Part 1 defines an aesthetic nomenclature organized within a taxonomy of form in space. This aesthetic taxonomy is outlined in five levels based on essential aesthetic abstractions, emphasizing structure and inner movement in relation to the intention for the development of a gestalt. It originates from the educational program of Alexander Kostellow and Rowena Reed and has been further developed through an iterative educational process using a Concept-translation-form method, resulting in the Evolution of Form (EoF)-model. This EoF-model reciprocally weaves together geometric structures and organic principles into a sequence of seven-stages. To question the normative principles of beauty inherent in the EoF-model, a bipolar +/- spectrum was introduced at each stage to expand the model, aiming for a more inclusive approach to aesthetics.

     

    -Part 2, both challenges and expands the aesthetic reasoning in part 1 through i) solo sculptural exhibitions exploring properties of distortion and transparency in a constructivist art community ii) collaborative projects with physicists concerning infinity and studies of continuous complex curvatures and iii) explorative studies of material breakdown and non-visual studies with ID masters students at Konstfack. 

    - Part 3 problematizes the taxonomy of form by applying methods and results from a cross-disciplinary study of complexity and transformation involving artists, physicists, designers and architects. The three year study explored temporal events of changing phenomena and formlessness that did not comply with any traditional aesthetic norms. Based on the experience from 12 laborations, three models were developed: The Transformation-model and Framing the dialogue-model were developed to physically interact with as well as to document and discuss change and transformation through bipolar reasoning. The Aesthetic phase transition-model was developed to capture the particular properties expressed in a transformation and unify stable objects with changing events.  

     

    In conclusion, the thesis claims the value of an inclusive aesthetic mode of abstract reasoning in the scientific and design communities.  A provisional 3 modes of abstraction-model is presented placing numeric, linguistic and aesthetic modes of abstraction as interdependent within a spectrum from separation to contextualization. 

  • 2.
    Akner Koler, Cheryl
    University of Arts, Crafts and Design, Department of Design, Interior Architecture and Visual Communication (DIV), Industrial Design.
    How haptic attributes evoke intentionality and generates meaning2019In: Konstfack Research Week: 28 Jan. - 1 Feb. 2019, Stockholm: Konstfack , 2019, p. 12-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Haptica is an artistic research project in the field of aesthetics that explores practical and theoretical connections between haptic attributes of the hand (making), nose, mouth and throat (tasting) and body (inner presence). The project aims to interlace aesthetic reasoning from sculpture and design to culinary art that emphasises active exploration and intentional form- and taste- giving processes. Haptic perception engages sensory experiences mediated through skin and kinaesthetic system.

    The project started with researching how air flows through space and is perceived by subtle sensory receptors under our skin and hair follicles, proceeding to tactile touch of material and grasping of material and instruments used in the creative making and performative process. It then shifted the practical and theoretical models from external space and physical materials to internal airflow through breathing, smelling and tasting that connects with soma aesthetics and reflection through inner presence. The project is a collaboration with Mischa Billing and Annika Göran Rodell, Campus Grythyttan at the School of Hospitality, Culinary Arts and Meal Science, Örebro University.

  • 3.
    Akner Koler, Cheryl
    et al.
    University of Arts, Crafts and Design, Department of Design, Interior Architecture and Visual Communication (DIV), Industrial Design.
    Kosmack Vaara, Elsa
    Göran Rodell, Annika
    Bjørnstad, Nina
    Aesthetic driven Co-creative writing method for short videos2018In: Design Microconference, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Akner-Koler, Cheryl
    University College of Arts, Crafts and Design, The Department of Design, Crafts and Art (DKK).
    A Note on Nano (FormGiving)2015In: Radical Re Re Re Re Re Rethinking / [ed] Maria Lantz, Staffan Lundgren, Stockholm: Konstfack / University College of Arts, Crafts & Desi , 2015, 1 uppl., p. 128-133Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Akner-Koler, Cheryl
    University College of Arts, Crafts and Design, The Department of Design, Crafts and Art (DKK), Industrial design.
    Expanding the Boundaries of Form Theory and Practice: Developing the Model Evolution of Form2012In: Shaping Design Teaching: Explorations into the Teaching of Form / [ed] N. Steinö & M. Özkar, Aalborg: Aalborg Universitetsforlag, 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Akner-Koler, Cheryl
    University College of Arts, Crafts and Design, The Department of Design, Crafts and Art (DKK), Industrial design.
    Expanding the boundaries of form theory: Developing the model Evolution of Form2006In: Wonderground - 2006 DRS International Conference / [ed] Ken Friedman et. al., Design Research Society , 2006, p. 79-92Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The design research community is beginning to recognize the organizing capacity of form as a scientific method of its own right. The aim of this study was to a) develop a pedagogically framed case study method that applied a participatory action research approach and b) create a 3-D form model bridging geometric- to organic structures. A 10-step-concept-translation-form method was developed which resulted in a “Evolution of form” model with two axes: The first horizontal axis presents a sequence of geometrically derived forms that gradually take on organic qualities of convexities and concavities. The second axis expands the model in a vertical dimension to include a bipolar spectrum at each stage. This vertical dimension opens up a dichotomy between congruent and incongruent properties in relation to original features of the geometric form.

    The discussion deals with the active formgiving process; the need for sculptural awareness and the inner sense of form; validity of the created method and model and finally the pros and cons of aesthetical abstractions that build on geometric references.

  • 7.
    Akner-Koler, Cheryl
    University College of Arts, Crafts and Design, The Department of Design, Crafts and Art (DKK), Industrial design.
    Tvärdisciplinära studier i Komplexitet och Transformation2007In: Kontext – Kvalitet – Kontinuitet: Utvärdering av Vetenskapsrådets anslag till konstnärlig forskning och utveckling 2001-2005, Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Akner-Koler, Cheryl
    et al.
    University College of Arts, Crafts and Design, The Department of Design, Crafts and Art (DKK), Industrial design.
    Bergström, Lars
    Complex Curvatures in Form Theory and String Theory2005In: Leonardo: Journal of the International Society for the Arts, Sciences and Technology, ISSN 0024-094X, E-ISSN 1530-9282, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 226-231Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The authors use new aesthetic criteria concerning structures and properties to explain parallel concepts within theoretical astroparticle physics and contemporary form/compositional research. These aesthetic criteria stem from complex curvature models developed both in string theory and in artistic perceptual research on transitional surfaces and concavities. The authors compare the complex curvatures of the mathematically derived Calabi-Yau manifold with one of Akner Koler's sculptures, which explores an organic interpretation of the looping curvature of a Möbius strip. A goal of the collaboration is to gain experience and insight into the twisting paradoxical forces in the 3D world and to explore the properties of transparency as applied to the Calabi-Yau manifold and a point cloud translation of Akner Koler's sculpture.

  • 9.
    Akner-Koler, Cheryl
    et al.
    University College of Arts, Crafts and Design, The Department of Design, Crafts and Art (DKK), Industrial design.
    Kajfes, Arijana
    Norberg, Björn
    Yamdagni, Narendra
    NanoForm2013In: Plastik Art & Science, ISSN 2101-0323, no 3Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In an interdisciplinary setting, participants from the fine arts, physics, design, biology, culinary arts and mathematics met to explore a two-fold project involving nano and haptics. Using methods that interlace macro- and nano-scale phenomena and technologies, we were able to develop a physical, embodied relationship to a world that is far beyond the direct sensation of touch and human interaction. During this three-year project, a core team of participants developed the following experimental approaches and methods: Aesthetic labs, Surrealist games, Nanofabrication, Infectious formgiving, Process video documentation and Performative staging.

    With access to nanofabrication laboratories, the team explored form using deposition and etching tools on the tip of a strand of hair as a physical, tangible point of departure. Creating tangible relationships with nano phenomena and creating token imagery makes these invisible parts of our world more accessible and workable on a wider and more visionary scale.

    Given the strict protocol in the NanoFabrication Center and the general principle of working flat and clean in such environments, the methods applied by the NanoForm project the haptic approach, the use of dirty human material in a sterile environment and above all the open-ended manner of searching and acting uncovered new territory and gave this project an extraordinary position in the nano research community.

  • 10.
    Akner-Koler, Cheryl
    et al.
    University College of Arts, Crafts and Design, Department of Design, Interior Architecture and Visual Communication (DIV), Industrial Design.
    Ranjbar, Parivash
    Region Örebro län.
    Integrating Sensitizing Labs in an Educational Design Process for Haptic Interaction2016In: FORMakademisk, ISSN 1890-9515, E-ISSN 1890-9515, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 1-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    New design methods for educating designers are needed to adapt the attributes of haptic interaction to fit the embodied experience of the users. This paper presents educationally framed aesthetic sensitizing labs: 1) a material-lab exploring the tactile and haptic structures of materials, 2) a vibrotactile-lab exploring actuators directly on the body and 3) a combined materials- and vibrotactile-lab embedded in materials. These labs were integrated in a design course that supports a non-linear design process for embodied explorative and experimental activities that feed into an emerging gestalt. A co-design process was developed in collaboration with researchers and users who developed positioning and communications systems for people with deafblindness. Conclusion: the labs helped to discern attributes of haptic interactions which supported designing scenarios and prototypes showing novel ways to understand and shape haptic interaction.

  • 11.
    Akner-Koler, Cheryl
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan.
    Tibell, Lena
    Aesthetics and nanostructure2011In: International Innovation, ISSN 2041-4552, no 6, p. 97-97Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Professors Cheryl Akner-Kohler and Lena Tibell of the Nanoform project describe the artistic methods and benefits that it might afford to both science and society.

  • 12. Algotson, Stina
    et al.
    Akner Koler, Cheryl
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan.
    Nanoformgivning genom haptiska, estetiska laborationer2012In: Dokumentation och presentation av konstnärlig forskning / [ed] Torbjörn Lind, Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet , 2012, p. 113-125Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Nano design through haptic and aestethic laboratory experiments

  • 13.
    Ranjbar, Parivash
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Akner-Koler, Cheryl
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan - Grythytte akademi.
    Konstfack designar hjälpmedel2010In: Audio-nytt, ISSN 0347-6308, Vol. 37, no 4, p. 24-26Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Ranjbar, Parivash
    et al.
    Region Örebro län.
    Stranneby, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Akner Koler, Cheryl
    University College of Arts, Crafts and Design, Department of Design, Interior Architecture and Visual Communication (DIV), Industrial Design.
    Borg, Erik
    Audiologiskt forskningscentrum i Örebro, Region Örebro län, Örebro, Sweden.
    Identification of vibrotactile morse code on abdomen and wrist2017In: International Journal of Engineering Technology and Scientific Innovation, ISSN 2456-1851, Vol. 1, no 4, p. 351-366Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Morse code has been used as a communications system at a distance to transmit text through tone or light pulses. This comparative study aims to test and evaluate the vibrotactile identification of Morse coded signals communicating instructions for movement. The pulses were presented on abdomen and wrist among 14 males (40-85 yr) experienced in acoustic Morse code and the rate of pulses was 12 words per minute using a Vibration Motor mounted in a plastic holder. There identification results were statistically significantly better on wrist compared to abdomen. Words were identified significantly better on the wrist as compared to abdomen but the identification results of the letters were equally good in both placements. There was a negative correlation between age and the pooled identification results tested on wrist PCC r=-0.45 (p<0.02). The participants rank ordered the wrist, over the abdomen, as the best place for positioning the vibrator. The results support haptic/tactile interaction research in positioning and communication system. Our future plans are to apply the results to the project "Ready Ride" for instructions for horseback riding for people with deafblindness as well as activity and movement for elderly people with impaired vision and hearing.

  • 15.
    Ranjbar, Parivash
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Stranneby, Dag
    Örebro universitet.
    Akner-Koler, Cheryl
    University College of Arts, Crafts and Design, The Department of Design, Crafts and Art (DKK), Industrial design.
    Borg, Erik
    Örebro universitet.
    Demostration of haptic Aids for environmental perception for people with Deafblind2014In: Proceding the Eurohaptic 2014 Conference, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Ranjbar, Parivash
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Stranneby, Dag
    Örebro universitet.
    Akner-Koler, Cheryl
    University College of Arts, Crafts and Design, The Department of Design, Crafts and Art (DKK), Industrial design.
    Borg, Erik
    Örebro universitet.
    Haptic Technical Aids for Environmental Perception, Time Perception and Mobility (in a riding arena) for Persons with Deafblindness2014In: NAS2014, 1-3 September Turku, Finland, 2014, 2014, p. 488-490Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Ranjbar, Parivash
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Stranneby, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Akner-Koler, Cheryl
    University College of Arts, Crafts and Design, Department of Design, Interior Architecture and Visual Communication (DIV), Industrial Design.
    Borg, Erik
    Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Haptic Technical Aids for Environmental Perception, Time Perception and Mobility (in a Riding Arena) for Persons with Deafblindness2014In: HAPTICS: NEUROSCIENCE, DEVICES, MODELING, AND APPLICATIONS, PT II, Berlin: Springer, 2014, p. 488-490Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This demonstration presents three vibrotactile aids to support personswith deafblindness. One aid, Monitor, consists of a microphone that detectssounds from events which are then processed as a signal that is adapted to thesensitivity range of the skin. The signal is sent as vibrations to the user withdeafblindness, who can interpret the pattern of the vibrations in order to identifythe type and position of the event/source that produced the sounds. Another aid,Distime, uses a smart phone app that informs the user with cognitive impairmentand deafblindness about a planned activity through; audio, visual or tactileinteraction that is adapted to the abilities of each individual. The last aid, Ready-ride, uses two smart phones and up to 11 vibrators that help the horse back riderwith deafblindness to communicate with the instructor from a distance viavibrators placed on different parts of the riders body e.g. wrist, thigh, back, ankle.

  • 18.
    Ranjbar, Parivash
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Stranneby, Dag
    Örebro universitet.
    Akner-Koler, Cheryl
    University College of Arts, Crafts and Design, The Department of Design, Crafts and Art (DKK), Industrial design.
    Borg, Erik
    Örebro universitet.
    Monitor: a vibrotactile aid to improve environmental perception of persons with severe hearing impairment/deafblindness2012In: Independent dependency: Living in two realities, 2012, p. 58-58Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Ranjbar, Parivash
    et al.
    Audiological Research Centre, University Hospital At Örebro, Örebro, Seden.
    Stranneby, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Borg, Erik
    Audiological Research Centre University Hospital At Örebro, Örebro, Sweden.
    Akner-Koler, Cheryl
    University College of Arts, Crafts and Design, Department of Design, Interior Architecture and Visual Communication (DIV), Industrial Design.
    Haptic technical aids Distime, Monitor, Good vibrations, Ready-Ride and VibroBraille for improvement of Time perception, Environmental perception, music perception, mobility and communication for persons with deafblindness: Tactile aids2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are approx. 1300 people with deafblindnes (DB) in Sweden where about 100 of them are with complete deafness (D) and blindness (B). The number will reach about 30000 if we also include people older than 65 with severe visual impairment (VI) and hearing impairment (HI) and several million worldwide.  Difficulties in time perception, environmental perception, music perception, mobility, social participation and communication are examples of their frequent problems. Five haptic technical aids are developed to reduce these problems. Distime is an application in a smart phone to inform the user about the planned activities by choosing different information channel depending on the sense that works and her/his ability. The activities can be presented as sound or vibrations for users with B; as images, movies and also as vibrations for those with D and vibrations for those with DB. Monitor informs users with D and DB about ongoing events with the aim to increase their environmental perception. Using an specific algorithm for environmental sounds, it converts the audible sounds produced by events to sensible vibrations which can be sensed and interpreted as events. Good Vibrations uses an specific algorithm for music and converts the audible music to vibrations which can be felt with the aim to increase music perception for users with severe HI, D/DB as well as for users with normal hearing who want extra enhanced experience of the music. Ready-Ride is a positioning and communication aid to improve the mobility of riders with severe VI, B or DB. It is used for distance communication between a trainer and a rider with VI where the trainer can send information about the rider’s position give commands or feedback about the riding. VibroBraille informs users with B/DB about the short notifications received from different applications in her/his cell phone. It converts the text to its corresponding Braille pattern where the active points are vibrating.

  • 20.
    Stranneby, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Ranjbar, Parivash
    Örebro universitet.
    Akner-Koler, Cheryl
    University College of Arts, Crafts and Design, The Department of Design, Crafts and Art (DKK), Industrial design.
    Borg, Erik
    Örebro universitet.
    Ready Ride: a positioning and communication system to increase the autonomy of riders with visual impairment/deafblindness2012Conference paper (Other academic)
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